Surveys are a powerful way to understand how an issue affects people in your area. Surveys can also tell you gather opinions to help identify future opportunities.
Here are a few tips to help you design your questionnaire - the questions you plan to ask.
- Start by thinking about the big picture: Identify exactly what information you are looking for, then develop a set of questions that will allow you to collect it easily.
- Don't forget the basics:
- Ask their gender and age-group
- Ensure their answers stay private
- Make each question specific and clear
- Use closed questions - for example, ones that lead to a ‘yes’ or a ‘no’ answer
- But include a few open questions as well - for example, ones with an open space for people to write about their feelings
- Remember that you can use face-to-face, phone, mail or e-mail to deliver your interview
- Think about your safety. Ask a parents or teachers about safety if you are asking the questions in person
- Always be polite and thank people for their time
When you have received a good amount of responses to your survey write a report to summarise all the answers you've gathered. Be sure to highlight significant results and draw any conclusions you can. It is also a good idea to include an explanation of how the survey was conducted.
For example, where and how you collected the information, who the respondents were and how many people responded. You don't have to give the names of the people you interviewed, but you can say that they were from a particular community, town, school, etc. It is also a good idea to attach a copy of the questionnaire in your report, so that anyone who is interested can see the exact questions that lie behind the statistics.